3D map of the site
The moraines that made
the muddy ford
York in 1066
Alternative sites proposed for the battle
Changes to the battle site
The bigger picture
The 1851 map
Modern map of York
Modern map of
Maps outlining the
possible course of the battle.
Map 1 outlines the terrain and shows
the position of the proposed road
Map 2 shows how the deployment and first
phase of the battle progressed
Map 3 illustrates the Viking breakthrough and
destruction of the Saxons
Sketch map of York's defences in
The Worcester MS of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle:
" gathered from their earldom as great a force as they could
get, and fought with that raiding-army and made a great slaughter."
But they were "killed and drowned and driven in flight; and
the Norwegians had possession of the place of slaughter."
Snorri's Saga says:
King Harald lay in the Usa (Ouse). King Harald now went on the land,
and drew up his men. The one arm of this line stood at the outer edge
of the river, the other turned up towards the land along a ditch; and
there was also a morass, deep, broad, and full of water.
The earls let their army proceed slowly down along the ditch, with
all their troops in line. The king's banner was next the river, where
the line was thickest. It was thinnest at the ditch, where also the
weakest of the men were.
When the earls advanced downwards along the ditch, the arm of the
Northmen's line which was at the ditch gave way; and the Englishmen
followed, thinking the Northmen would fly. The banner of Earl Morukare
advanced then bravely.
When King Harald saw that the English array had come to the ditch
against him, he ordered the charge to be sounded, and urged on his men.
He ordered the banner which was called the Land-ravager to be carried
before him, and made so severe an assault that all had to give way
before it; and there was a great loss among the men of the earls, and
they soon broke into flight, some running up the river, some down, and
the most leaping into the ditch, which was so filled with dead that the
Norsemen could go dry-foot over the fen.
There Earl Morukare fell. Earl Valthiof, (Edwin) and the people
who escaped, fled up to the castle of York; and there the greatest loss
of men had been.
- The Norse arrival in Yorkshire
- The routes of the combatants to Fulford
on 20 September 1066
- Modern technology reveals the topology of
- How the settlements might have looked in
- The 1651 map of Fulford
- A possible layout of post-conquest Fulford
- The crop marks recorded by English Heritage